Pallet Density Calculator

Mode Transportation has developed a freight class calculator you can use as a guide to determine a shipment's volume and density.

Step 1. Measure the height, width, and depth of the shipment in inches. Measure to the farthest points, including skids or other packaging. On shipments with multiple pieces, repeat Step 1 for each piece.

Step 2. Multiply the three measurements (height x width x depth). The result is the total cubic inches of the shipment. If you have multiple pieces, multiply the height x width x depth for each piece. Take the results for each piece and add them together to get the total cubic inches

Step 3. Divide the total cubic inches by 1,728 (the number of cubic inches in a cubic foot). The result is the cubic feet of the shipment.

Step 4. Divide the weight (in pounds) of the shipment by the total cubic feet. The result is the pounds per cubic foot, i.e., density.

For multiple pieces, add the weight of each piece together before dividing by the total cubic feet of the shipment.

Round fractions to the nearest full cubic foot number.

Item Length

Cube Weight Density NMFC Class*

* Please note, Density is only one factor used to calculate freight class. It's based on the number of pieces in the shipment and the shipment's dimensions and weight, ranging from 50 to 1. A shipment with a lower density typically has a higher freight classification. Please keep in mind that this tool is only to be used as a guide. Other factors are taken into consideration by the NMFC when determining a freight’s class, which include stowability, handling and liability characteristics. To determine your freight true class please consult your sales rep or call us at 1-800-592-7449 and one of our professionals will be happy to assist you.